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What is CHA / CHIP

The Community Health Assessment (CHA) collects and analyzes data to understand health within a specific community. The Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP) is a community-driven, strategic and measurable work plan.

What is a Community Health Assessment (CHA)?

A Community Health Assessment (CHA) is a process that uses a systematic method to collect and analyze data to understand health within a specific community. An ideal assessment includes information on risk factors, quality of life, mortality, morbidity, community assets, forces of change, social determinants of health and health inequity, and information on how well the public health system provides essential services. Information from the CHA is used to inform community decision-making, prioritize health problems and develop, implement and evaluate Community Health Improvement Plans.

In partnership with local agencies, the Macomb County Health Department is leading a CHA process using the Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) 2.0 framework.

What is a Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP)?

The Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP) is a community-driven, strategic and measurable work plan. A CHIP provides guidance to the health department, community partners, stakeholders and residents on improving the health of the population within Macomb County. The CHIP is critical for developing policies and defining actions to target efforts that promote health. This plan defines how community partners across sectors will come together to address priority health issues identified through the CHA. In coordination with local hospitals, community stakeholders and partner organizations, more than 30 diverse Macomb County community organizations identified three priority areas for the CHIP. The 2024-2028 priority areas identified for Macomb County are: 

  • Chronic disease and healthy lifestyle
  • Behavioral health and substance use
  • Built environment and social determinants of health

To develop our CHIP, community partners worked together to address identified health issues as well as identify conditions needed to support and improve health.  Strong, effective partnerships are necessary for our community to create the conditions that will lead to improving the health and well-being of our community.

The CHIP is a living document that will be implemented and monitored over a five year period and continuously assessed, evaluated and revised based on the evaluation results and feedback from our community partners and community members. The 2024-2028 CHIP is now available.